ḤULDAH (Heb. חֻלְדָּה), kibbutz in the Judean foothills, 7½ mi. (12 km.) S.E. of Reḥovot, affiliated with Iḥud ha-Kevuẓot veha-Kibbutzim. It was established in 1909 on one of the first plots of land acquired by the Jewish National Fund (1907). Initially Ḥuldah was an agricultural training farm. A section of the olive tree forest planted in Herzl's memory was situated here and a closed courtyard and administrative building (Herzl House) were erected. During World War I, the olive groves did not thrive, owing to lack of care, and after the war the first experiment in afforestation with coniferous trees was carried out here. The isolated settlement was attacked in the Arab riots of 1929; its 24 defenders held out against overwhelming odds, although their commander Ephraim Chizhik fell in the battle. (A statue erected in 1929 in the Herzl Forest by Batya Lishansky commemorates Chizhik and the heroic defense of Ḥuldah.) The British Mandate police immediately evacuated the defenders, but the site was resettled in 1930 by members of the gordonia youth movement. The site of the kibbutz was transferred somewhat to the west. Farm branches were developed; economic progress was slow at first due to the scarcity of water, but the situation improved after the war of independence (1948), in which Ḥuldah served as a headquarters for the Israel forces opening the Jerusalem Corridor from the west. Ḥuldah is a historical name, first appearing in a Christian place names list dating from the sixth century. In the mid-1990s, the population of the kibbutz was approximately 365, dropping to 312 in 2002. The kibbutz was the home of the Barkan winery, owned by private investors who purchased 40 dunams of land from the kibbutz for their winery and visitors center. (Efraim Orni / Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huldah — was a prophetess mentioned briefly in II Kings, Chapter 22, and Books of Chronicles 2, Chapter 34. She is approached by Hilkiah together with Ahikam, Acbor, Shaphan and Asaiah to give the Lord s opinion after a book of the Law is rediscovered.… …   Wikipedia

  • HULDAH — (Heb. חֻלְדָּה; weasel ), wife of Shallum son of Tikvah, the wardrobe keeper of the king; one of the five women in the Bible referred to as nevi ah, female prophet ) and the only woman prophet in the book of Kings (II Kings 22:14–20). She was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Huldah Gates — The Huldah Gates are the two sets of now blocked gates in the south wall of the Temple Mount, which is also one of Jerusalem s Old City walls. The western set is a double arched gate (the double gate ), and the eastern is a triple arched gate… …   Wikipedia

  • Huldah — noun a) A prophetess. b) in occasional use …   Wiktionary

  • Huldah —    Weasel, a prophetess; the wife of Shallum. She was consulted regarding the book of the law discovered by the high priest Hilkiah (2 Kings 22:14 20; 2 Chr. 34:22 28). She resided in that part of Jerusalem called the Mishneh (A.V., the college;… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Huldah — (fl. 7th cent BCE)    Israelite prophetess. She is the only prophetess mentioned in the biblical account of the period of the monarchy (II Kings 22:14 20). She prophesied God s judgement on the nation after Josiah s death …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Huldah — A prophetess (2 Kgs. 22:14) who advised King Josiah that the book of the law discovered in the Temple was genuine and that its provisions ought to be obeyed …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • HOLDA vel HULDAH — HOLDA, vel HULDAH nomen viri. 1. Paral. c. 27. v. 15. Item Prophetis, uxor Sellum. 2. Reg. c. 22. v. 14 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • RAT — (Heb. חֹלֶד, ḥoled, mod. Heb. חֻלְדָּה, ḥuldah, JPS and AV weasel ), rodent. Two species of rat are found in Israel, Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus. The second only reached the country in approximately the 18th century. Ḥuldah occurs as the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Northwest University (United States) — For other universities with a similar name, see Northwest University. Northwest University Motto Carry the Call: Heart, Head, Hand Established 1934 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”